Introduction to Clinical Sexually-Transmitted Diseases and Pelvic Infections


Image: Seattle STD/HIV Prevention Training Center. Source: University of Washington

This resources covers cases of clinical sexually-transmitted diseases. The cases in this programme reflect the most up-to-date diagnosis and treatment of STDs. However, this approach may or may not be practical in the primary care clinic setting in Ghana.


Dr. Essuman's video insights that accompany the cases will be useful in placing these problems in the context of a clinical practice that has limited capacity for STD diagnosis.

Author(s): A. Essuman & N. C. EngelbergView Details of Author
Year: 2009
Keywords: STDs, sexually transmitted diseases, pelvic infections, vaginitis, 
Licensing Condition:

cc-by-nc© 2009, University of Ghana

Unless otherwise noted, the content of this programme is licensed under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.



Any medical information in this material is intended to inform and to educate and is not a tool for self-diagnosis or a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional. You should speak to your physician or make an appointment to be seen if you have questions or concerns about this information or your medical condition.


Viewer discretion is advised: The educational material contained herein may contain medical images that non-professional viewers may find disturbing.




Programme introduction by Dr. Essuman (video)
introductory video





This course is an introduction to the clinical care of sexually-transmitted diseases and female pelvic infections. By following this programme, the learner will --

• recognize the varied clinical manifestations of gonorrheal infection and know how to distinguish it from other common medical disorders.

• understand the differential diagnosis of vaginitis and the different epidemiology of vaginitis caused by different organisms.

• know the features and complications of pelvic inflammatory disease.

• understand how and when contact tracing for sexually transmitted diseases is indicated.

• know the principles of therapy for sexually-transmitted diseases, including therapy of syndromes when laboratory diagnosis is not possible.

• know when to consider a sexually-transmitted disease as the potential cause of an infectious medical disorder.


Lesson Content








Dr. Akye Essuman

University of Ghana Medical School,
Accra - Ghana


N. Cary Engleberg, M.D.
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan Medical School
Ann Arbor, Michigan USA




Images used in this program were obtained from two sources:

    • The Public Health Image Library (PHIL), CDC, Atlanta, GA (public domain)

    • The Practitioner’s Handbook for the Management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, published by the Seattle STD/HIV Prevention Training Center (made available on-line for use in an educational context)


Reference articles included in this program are extracts of STD Practice Guidelines from the Center for Disease Control (Atlanta, GA) or from The Practitioner’s Handbook for the Management of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, published by the Seattle STD/HIV Prevention Training Center





This programme was produced with support from the following: